Te Reo Whakahoahoa #4 – I + Kua + Kei te + Ka + Kāore + E kore

In class this week we revised sentence structures using:

  • I – past tense
  • Kua – immediate past tense
  • Kei te – present tense
  • Ka – future tense
  • Kāore / E kore – to negate a sentence

Our kaiāwhina used the same content example to help us understand these concepts.  Often the examples used are topics that we know about or are interested in.  Being able to relate to a topic is helpful with our learning.  The topic we looked at this week was government sales of land.  Here are the components of the examples:

  • Action = ‘hoko atu’ – to sell
  • Person = ‘te Kāwana’ – the government
  • Object = ‘i te whenua’ – the land

Past Tense – ‘I’

I hoko atu te Kāwana i te whenua

The government sold the land

Tense + action + person + object

Past Tense – ‘I’ + Kāore

Kāore te Kāwana i hoko atu i te whenua

The government did not sell the land

Negate + person + tense + action + object

I look for patterns: in this example, the negative moves to the front; the tense and action move between the person and object. This pattern applies to all of the other tenses as well, though sometimes a change in tense is required to negate a sentence correctly.

Immediate Past Tense – ‘Kua’

Kua hoko atu te Kāwana i te whenua

The government has sold the land

Tense + action + person + object

Immediate Past Tense – ‘Kua’ + Kāore

Kāore ano te Kāwana kia hoko atu i te whenua

The government has not sold the land yet

Negate+anō + person + kia+action + object

The pattern: the negative (Kāore + anō) moves to the front, and the tense: (kia) must replace (kua) + ‘action’ moves between the ‘person’ and the ‘object’

Present Tense – ‘Kei te’

Kei te hoko atu te Kāwana i te whenua

The government is selling the land

Tense + action + person + object

Present Tense – ‘Kei te’ + Kāore

Kāore te Kāwana i te hoko atu i te whenua

The government is not selling the land

Negate + person + i te+action + object

When you negate, ‘Kei te’ you must replace with ‘i te’

The pattern: the negative moves to the front of the sentence, and the tense: (i te) must replace (kei te) + ‘action’ moves between the ‘person’ and the ‘object’

Future Tense – ‘Ka’

Ka hoko atu te Kāwana i te whenua

The government will sell the land

Tense + action + person + object

Future Tense – ‘Ka’ + ‘E Kore + e’ (as negative)

E kore te Kāwana e hoko atu i te whenua

The government won’t sell the land

Negate + person + e+action + object

The pattern: the negative (E + kore) moves to the front, and the tense: (e) must replace (ka) + ‘action’ moves between the ‘person’ and the ‘object’.

Here are the same concepts below expressed in a different way:

Tenses

 

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